A Rare Look at the McNeil Island Prison

Less than three miles from the beaches of Chambers Bay lies one of the most unfamiliar and inaccessible places in all of Washington State. This is the Alcatraz of the Puget Sound.

Unless you were a prisoner, a guard, or a family member of either, it’s unlikely you’ve ever seen the island up close. Over the last year, the Washington State History Museum and KNKX Public Radio made several visits to the island in order to share its little known stories.

Unlocking McNeil’s Past: The Prison, The Place, The People brings together a collection of stories and artifacts from the prison’s 143 year history. As with much of history, it was written by those in positions of power. The exhibit takes this into account and invites people to consider the stories and voices of those who are not represented.

The McNeil Island Corrections Center officially opened in 1875 but had previously been used as a territorial prison while the rest of the island was inhabited by homesteaders. At various times throughout its history it held draft resistors and conscientious objectors from all of America’s wars, including 85 Japanese citizens who resisted the draft to protest their wartime confinement. It was also used multiple times as an immigrant detention center from the 1880s through the 1980s.

The prison was inhabited by Robert Stroud (aka Birdman of Alcatraz), Frederick Peters, who impersonated Theodore Roosevelt and other celebrities in the early 1900s, Roy Gardner, a train robber who escaped three times before being sent to Alcatraz, several local bootleggers and gangsters, and Charles Manson in the early 1960s.

Artifacts in the exhibition range from the 2,000 pound wrought iron entry gate to a delicate violin made in secret by a prisoner from scavenged bits of wood. Different eras of the prison are separated by walls. The transitional spaces between each section are constructed according to the cell size of that era.

The last section is occupied by the photography exhibition Reclaimed. These photos document the current state of the island and its slow but steady return to nature. The narrated stories of former inmates and guards are amazing, the artifacts are impossible to forget, and the look into what life was like for the kids growing up on the island is unlike anything you’ll ever hear.

To get the entire story be sure to listen to the accompanying six-part KNKX podcast, Forgotten Prison.

The exhibition runs until May 26th. The museum will also host a symposium on March 2nd that discusses the challenges and opportunities of re-entry to society after incarceration. There will be a facilitated tour of the exhibit following the discussion.

The prison on McNeil Island officially closed in 2011. The island is now home to the Special Commitment Center for “sexually violent predators.” As of 2017, there were 268 residents at the facility. The island and its abandoned neighborhoods are also occasionally used for training by soldiers and airmen stationed at JBLM.

Historic photos courtesy of Washington State Historical Society and Tacoma Public Library’s Northwest Room.

  1. I enjoyed reading the material here. The photos were and are helpful. What I am looking for are photos of the island, the federal prison, the settlers homes that were used by the correctional officers for family homes, the 2 room school house, the general store, center hill, officers row. My family lived on McNeil Island from mid 1847 until late 1953. My brother and I went to the two room school house. The last few months we lived there I went the Harriet atsylor a elementary school, that opened during the summer of 1953. Any advice or assistance you can proved would be greatly appreciated.


    1. You should get in touch with the Washington State Historical Society. They did a huge amount of research for that exhibit and if any photos exist, they’ll probably know where to find them.

    2. Look at a video on YouTube called “Forbidden Island” Vagrant holiday goes through a few houses and the school.

  2. As a former inmate released a year prior to its closing this was the best prison I had been to, I would love to be able to go into it since it’s closed to look at the old cell blocks that were closed off to inmates. Wish I had a boat to get close up pics of the prison.

    1. You were released the same year as my uncle. I am writing a book about his experience. Would be interested in chatting with you. In fact you were released in 1978.

    1. You should check with the Washington State Historical Society. They did a huge exhibit on McNeil Island a while back.

  3. Really interesting as I just was sent by ancestry about photos etc; regarding my Grandfather who he and his brother were incarcerated there during prohibition for boot legging. Ironic the last name is Hartman like Sarah Hartman posting here. Don’t think we are related but would like to see how to find that info on him and his brother outside of using ancestry.

  4. How about bussing the homeless to McNeil Island? There are many unused buildings there. Only 214 sexual deviants are housed there. It has been abandoned since 2011. Give them jobs working around the island. Make them grow their own food. Get our beautiful city back in return. I’m serious.

  5. Around 1969, my Father, the Chief of Mechanical Services at the U.S. Penitentiary, Terre Haute, IN was offered a promotion and transfer to USP McNeil Is as associate warden. He was a construction expert and I’m sure the Bureau of Prisons wanted his expertise to either renovate, construct or tear down some aspects of the institution. When my Mother was asked about transferring, she put her foot down with a resolute “no”. During the post-WWII period the perception among career Bureau of Prisons personnel was one of adventurous, Puget Sound living on a island more self-contained than one would imagine e.g. school, store, etc. As our world modernized, the perception changed to stories of terrible isolationism, inconveniences and wives throwing groceries into the Sound from the launch after “losing it”. In 1969 USP McNeil was on the short list of institutions considered quite undesirable for employee families. I never got the opportunity to make that judgement for myself.

  6. Does anyone know what N.M.S.T.A. Or. NMUSA. Might be as a crime. This is listed under my grandfather. He was there less than a year in the 1930’s

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